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The Image (1975)


Colonies of the bioluminescent marine bacterium Vibrio fischeri. This photograph of the colonies growing on agar (left) was taken with a light source. The photograph of the colonies on the right was taken using their own bioluminescence as a light source.National Science Foundation-supported researchers are studying the relationship between the Hawaiian sepiolid squid, Euprymna scolopes, and its luminous bacterial partner Vibrio fischeri. Although all animals have beneficial associations with microbes, the association between E. scolopes and V. fischeri is the only experimental model available to biologists so far. (Year of image: 1975) [One of four related images. See Next Image.]




The Image (1975)


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General Restrictions: Images and other media in the National Science Foundation Multimedia Gallery are available for use in print and electronic material by NSF employees, members of the media, university staff, teachers and the general public. All media in the gallery are intended for personal, educational and nonprofit/non-commercial use only. Images credited to the National Science Foundation, a federal agency, are in the public domain. The images were created by employees of the United States Government as part of their official duties or prepared by contractors as "works for hire" for NSF. You may freely use NSF-credited images and, at your discretion, credit NSF with a "Courtesy: National Science Foundation" notation. Additional information about general usage can be found in Conditions.


Also Available:Download the high-resolution TIFF version of the image. (5.7 MB) Use your mouse to right-click (Mac users may need to Ctrl-click) the link above and choose the option that will save the file or target to your computer.


PAJ: A Journal of Performance and Art 24.2 (2002) 10-11 // --> [Access article in PDF] Didactic Video (1975) Woody Vasulka [Figures] These time segments belong to a larger work titled Time/Energy Structure of the Electronic Image, dating from 1974 through 1975. The images are produced on a scan processor (Rutt/Etra Model-4, Rutt Electrophysics Inc.), a tool providing various means of reprogramming electromagnetic conditions around its display (cathode ray tube or CT).


The majority of images, still or moving, are based on their capture from the visible world with the help of the camera obscura principle through a process involving the interaction of light with a photo-emulsion surface. The conversion of light into a code occurs simultaneously at each part of the emulsion in exposure time. Contrary to this, the conversion of light into energy potentials during electronic image forming is achieved sequentially, giving particular significance to the construction of the referential time frame. (The single value on the pick-up tube has to possess exact time coordinates in order to be reproduced in the identical position on the display.) The organization of energy components even in a television camera is of course provided by the camera obscura present in front of the image pick-up tube.


The possibility of disregarding this organizational principle and realizing instead a total absence of such a process in certain modes of electronic image forming has interested me the most. The result has been an inevitable descent into the analysis of smaller and smaller time-sequences, a process necessary to understanding wave formations, their components, and the process of their synthesis and programmability. To me this indicates a point of departure from light/space image models closely linked to and dependent upon visual-perceptual references and maintained through media based on the camera obscura principle. It now becomes possible to move precisely and directly between a conceptual model and a constructed image. This opens a new self-generating cycle of design within consciousness and the eventual construction of new realities without the necessity of external referents as a means of control.


All rights to images are held by the respective holding institution. This image is posted publicly for non-profit educational uses, excluding printed publication. To purchase copies of images and/or for copyright information contact the respective holding institution.


This accession consists of records which document the staff, projects, programs, and special events at the Archives of American Art (AAA) and regional offices. Of particular interest are the benefit gala related materials which honored friends of the AAA including Rita Fraad, Margaret and Raymond J. Horowitz, Paula Cooper, Benjamin D. Holloway, Richard A. Manoogian, Roy Lichtenstein, Chuck Close, Frank Stella, and Agnes Gund. Materials include invitations to events, event programs, images, and audio recordings. Some materials are in electronic format.


This image is believed to be in the Public Domain for the following reasons. It is an unpublished archival historic photograph, of unknown authorship created more than 25 years ago, without copyright information. It is provided by American Memory which attempts to provide copyright information where available, although does not guaranty its accuracy "despite extensive research", and that unpublished work "has been dedicated to the public".


@Nancy Bradshaw Hi, adding to @erutherford When page 1 (the front) of the Grave Registration is on your right, the matching page 2 (the back side) will be +1 in the reference pages. Go ahead and use the Burial place and Cemetery Name on the +1 reference. When page 2 (the back side) is on your left, the matching page 1 will be -1 in the reference pages -- this record has been or will be indexed by another indexer. Mark this image (the left-hand image in your batch) NNED. I hope I haven't thoroughly confused you with my explanation. Give it a try and email me if you like, I'm on Utah time and I check community discussions every day ?


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Quantization bits along each color axis for the inverse colormap, specified as a positive integer. If Qe is less than Qm, then dithering cannot be performed and the dither function returns an undithered indexed image in X.


Quantization bits for the color space error calculations, specified as a positive integer. If Qe is less than Qm, then dithering cannot be performed and the dither function returns an undithered indexed image in X.


Indexed image, returned as an m-by-n matrix of nonnegative integers. If the length of map is less than or equal to 256, then the output image is of class uint8. Otherwise, the output image is of class uint16. The value 0 in the output array X corresponds to the first color in the colormap. 041b061a72


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